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Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi looks to extend iron-fisted rule after ten years in power

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Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is the front-runner in Egypt’s upcoming presidential election which will be held from December 10-12. Despite being marked by a widespread crackdown on dissent and a weak economic and security record, the former army chief’s ten-year rule may be extended until 2030. It’s an outcome that many believe is already written in stone.

It has been more than ten years since Abdel Fattah al-Sisi overthrew Egypt’s first democratically elected president, the Islamist Mohamed Morsi, and he is still ruling the country with an iron fist.

Sisi’s opponents and supporters alike are convinced that he will win this year’s presidential election, set to take place from December 10-12. His victories in 2014 and 2018 saw him win over 96% of the vote, a track record that leaves little room for doubt on what is likely to happen this time around.

Another victory would see the former army chief hold on to power until 2030. Running for a third term was made possible when Sisi himself amended the Egyptian constitution in 2019, extending the presidential term from four years to six.

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Rising in the ranks – all the way to the presidency

Born in Cairo in November 1954, Sisi was one of fourteen children raised in a conservative household. Son of a shopkeeper, he decided to pursue a military career at an early age, climbing the social ladder in a country ruled by the army. Spending much of his life out of the public eye, Sisi achieved prominence by becoming chief of staff of the Egyptian army and minister of defence in 2012.

The surprise promotion was granted by President Morsi, the first Egyptian head of state to be democratically elected, just over a year after former Hosni Mubarak was ousted in the Arab Spring. At the time, Sisi was portrayed by the media as a pious Muslim compatible with the movement from which Morsi hailed, the Muslim Brotherhood. The reputation was largely built on Sisi’s family ties with Abbas Sisi, a disciple of Hassan al-Banna, founder of the Islamist group.

But Sisi’s rapid rise to power within the army would not have been possible if his close ties to the Brotherhood, under scrutiny by the Mubarak regime, gave rise to the slightest doubt.  

Former President Mohamed Morsi (R) meets with newly-appointed Egyptian Defence Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (L) at the presidential palace in Cairo on August 13, 2012.
Former President Mohamed Morsi (R) meets with newly-appointed Egyptian Defence Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (L) at the presidential palace in Cairo on August 13, 2012. © Egyptian presidency, AFP

Partly trained in the UK and the US, Sisi became a commander of the northern Egyptian military zone before moving up the ranks to take over as director of military intelligence and quickly established himself as the country’s strongman. In the aftermath of the mass uprisings that saw millions of Egyptians demand the immediate resignation of Morsi in early July 2013, Sisi issued an ultimatum to the former president and his cabinet. Without explicitly calling for Morsi to step down, he called on Egypt’s politicians to “meet the demands of the people” within 48 hours.  

If Morsi refused, the armed forces (who were already in charge of the post-Mubarak transition) would be forced to “announce a roadmap for the future” and put an end to the revolution that had been boiling since 2011.

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The Islamist president was deposed, arrested and imprisoned shortly after. But the bloody repression of protesters, many of whom supported the Muslim Brotherhood, would not be forgotten. Human Rights Watch described the widespread killing of demonstrators at the time a probable “crime against humanity”.  

Morsi died in 2019 after collapsing in a Cairo court where he was attending a session in his trial.

Regarded by his admirers as humble and skilful – by his detractors as distrustful and suspicious – Sisi left his military uniform behind for the suit and tie of de facto presidency.  

For Egyptians opposed to the political Islam embodied by the Muslim Brotherhood, Sisi had saved the country from its grips.

Repression left, right and centre

Since Sisi’s sweeping victory in the May 2014 presidential election, opponents as well as local and international NGOs have accused the leader of wanting to return to an autocratic regime. They say that since he came into power, “repression has been reaching unprecedented levels”.  

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In a report published on October 2, six international and local human rights organisations called out the “widespread and systematic use of torture” by Egyptian authorities that amount to what they consider “a crime against humanity under customary international law”.

Running parallel to his repressive political stranglehold, Sisi also launched a series of gargantuan projects aimed at extolling the greatness of Egypt and flattering the nationalist sentiments of his compatriots.

T-shirts, many depicting Sisi, are on display in Tahrir Square in Cairo on January 25, 2014.
T-shirts, many depicting Sisi, shown on display in Tahrir Square in Cairo on January 25, 2014. © Amr Nabil, AP archive

Amid these ambitious undertakings was the modernisation of the country’s roads and electricity infrastructure, as well as the construction of a new administrative capital located in the desert about 50km from Cairo. Ironically nicknamed “Sisi City”, construction was due to be completed in 2020 but is still in its first phase.

In August 2015, the president unveiled a plan for a giant expansion of the Suez Canal – another flagship project intended to symbolise a “new Egypt”. Costing some €7.9 billion, the project was completed on time in less than a year.

The new Suez Canal brought in netted record revenues of around €8.6 billion between 2022 and 2023, leading Sisi to promise prosperity and security for all Egyptians.  

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But in a country plagued by an unprecedented economic crisis and at risk of defaulting on its foreign debt, that is not an easy promise to keep.

Egypt relies heavily on revenues from Ukrainian and Russian tourists, so when the war broke out in February 2022, its economy was hit hard. The number of yearly tourists from both countries plummeted from 35 to 40 percent, according to local figures. Egypt is also the world’s leading importer of wheat. When prices soared as a result of the war, the country’s economy bore the brunt.

In the ten years Sisi has been in power, Egypt and its 105 million inhabitants – largely reliant on Saudi Arabian money – have been plagued by poverty.

A key ally for the West

Despite his shortcomings, Sisi is still seen as a guarantor of stability and security in the region by many international leaders. Turning a blind eye to his human rights abuses, the West sees him as a key ally in what they consider an otherwise chaotic Middle East.

This is even more the case since Hamas’s bloody attacks on Israel on October 7 and Israel’s ensuing invasion of the Gaza Strip. During the week-long ceasefire in Gaza fom November 24-30, hostages held by Hamas were directed south of the enclave to Egypt. The Rafah crossing on the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt is also where humanitarian aid is transported into the Palestinian territory.

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Read moreThe Gaza-Egypt Rafah crossing explained: ‘It is not a normal border’

Back in 2014, the pragmatic Sisi kept a low profile when the West protested his coup de force to seize power. The US and Europe didn’t congratulate him after his election victory, though they did stress the need to get back to respecting human rights as soon as possible.

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Sisi in 2015.
Russian President Vladimir Putin and Sisi in 2015. © Alexei Druzhinin, AFP

In response, Sisi sided with Russian President Vladimir Putin. In November 2014, a month after the US froze military and financial aid to Egypt, the Kremlin announced it would deliver air defence systems to the country and said talks to deliver military aircraft were under way.

A shrewd strategist, Sisi knows that the West cannot turn its back on the most populated Arab country for too long. Egypt is both a strategic intermediary in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and a key ally in the fight against terrorism.

The fight against Islamic militants has moved the cursor for how world leaders see Sisi, especially in the case of the US. After years of strained ties under the Obama administration, former US President Donald Trump congratulated the Egyptian leader in 2016. “I just want to let everybody know in case there was any doubt that we are very much behind President Sisi. He’s done a fantastic job in a very difficult situation. We are very much behind Egypt and the people of Egypt,” Trump said during Sisi’s first official visit to the US in April, 2017.

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When Sisi visited France in October of 2017, French President Emmanuel Macron claimed he did not want to “lecture” his Egyptian counterpart on human rights. 

French President Emmanuel Macron welcomes Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi at the Elysee Palace in Paris on July 22, 2022.
French President Emmanuel Macron welcomes Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi at the Elysee Palace in Paris on July 22, 2022. © Reuters, Pascal Rossignol

Between 2010 and 2019, Egypt imported French weapons worth €7.7 billion, according the parliament.

Securing the Sinai, another empty promise

Like his military predecessors, Sisi is obsessed with acquiring modern weaponry and securing his borders. This is increasingly the case as his neighbours – Libya, Sudan, Israel and the Gaza Strip – are all affected by ongoing conflict.

For years, Egypt has been battling a jihadist insurgency in its Sinai region, a peninsula located in the northeast of the country. According to the opposition, this ongoing threat to Egypt’s internal security is being instrumentalised by authorities to restrict civil liberties.

In 2018, Sisi launched a vast “anti-terrorist” operation in the areas where Islamist radicals are rife – some of whom have pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group, but so far in vain. The Sinai is still a security headache for Sisi, who stands behind yet another empty promise.

This article is a translated version of the original in French. 

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International

Sheep wars in the West Bank: Israeli settlers target Bedouins’ flocks

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Palestinian Bedouin communities in the West Bank are used to aggression from Israeli settlers. Since Hamas’s attack on Israel on October 7, they have seen an increase in efforts by extremist settlers to take their land – and their sheep. 

Since Hamas’s attack on Israel on October 7, 2023, violence by Israeli settlers in the occupied West Bank has multiplied, particularly against Palestinian Bedouin communities, who make their living by herding and farming. The Observers editorial team was able to contact a herder in the Jericho region who denounces a campaign of harassment aimed at forcing his community to leave their land. 

In parallel with the war in Gaza, attacks by extremist settlers on Bedouin communities in the West Bank have multiplied in recent months.

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The occupied West Bank is divided into three zones. Bedouin communities live mainly in the largest of these, Area C. This includes a large number of grazing and agricultural lands. 

The communities in the Al-Auja zone, some ten kilometres north of Jericho, say they are under increasing pressure. 

Souleimane, a local herder, recounts how a settler vehicle rammed into his flock, killing twelve sheep, in early February, and how other sheep were stolen. 

According to Souleimane, these settlers come from the surrounding outposts, small settlements considered illegal under Israeli law. They are often armed, and travel under the protection of Israeli soldiers.     

NGOs defending Bedouin rights say the settlers use other forms of harassment such as requisitioning Bedouin livestock and demanding extortionate fines. 

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Hasan M’lihet is president of the Baydar NGO for the defense of Bedouin rights. 

Through the Settlement Council, the settlers also impose heavy fines on Bedouin communities if their sheep enter land classified by the settlers as belonging to the Settlement Council in the West Bank. 

In mid-January, the Settlement Council fined one Bedouin $40,000 on the grounds that his flock had entered land belonging to the Settlement Council.

In 2023, 28 Bedouin communities were forced to leave, 24 of which left after October 7.

In early February, the USA, UK and France announced sanctions against several radical settlers accused of violence against Palestinian Bedouins, as well as Israeli activists.

In 2023, 25 new settler outposts had been established in the West Bank, 10 of them after October 7, according to the Israeli NGO Peace Now.

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Why you might be drinking tap water, boiling your spuds and even brushing your teeth wrong… according to barely-known Government advice

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You might be drinking tap water all wrong.

Not only that, you might be boiling your spuds and brushing your teeth incorrectly, too. 

Little-known Government advice urges us to alter our tap water habits to reduce the risks of exposure to substance that could harm our health. 

These include never using cooking water from the hot tap, even if it’s just to fill your boiling pan.

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Here, MailOnline shares the guidance you probably had no idea about from Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI)…

Government advice says Brits should avoid drinking or using water from the hot tap for cooking (stock image)

Government advice says Brits should avoid drinking or using water from the hot tap for cooking (stock image)

Government advice says Brits should avoid drinking or using water from the hot tap for cooking (stock image)

Never drink from the hot tap or use it for cooking

Compared to boiling the kettle, using water straight from the hot tap for cooking or making a brew may seem like an easy time-saving hack.

But the DWI warns people should only ever use the cold water tap from their kitchen for both drinking and cooking.

This is because water from the hot tap carries a greater risk of being contaminated with metals like copper and lead, both of which can have immediate and long-term health effects.

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Although most houses no longer have lead pipes, the DWI still recommends against consuming water from the hot tap as the water can contain elevated levels of other metals. 

Even using such water for cooking, like filling a pot to boil potatoes quicker, is not recommended because boiling will not remove any potential metal traces. 

The DWI state: ‘Remember that you should only be using cold water from the kitchen for drinking and cooking. 

‘Water from the hot tap is not recommended for drinking as it can contain elevated levels of metals, such as copper, which makes the water taste astringent.’ 

Live in an older house? Let the tap run until it turns cold before taking a drink 

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Exposure to lead in household water can harm the mental development of children, as well as cause kidney and heart problems in adults.

Such is the concern that the use of the heavy metal in household piping has been banned since the 1970s.

But the DWI warns some houses in Britain might still contain the metal and people should be aware of the potential risk. 

Even modern homes aren’t necessarily safe as unqualified plumbers or DIY home renovators may have used lead solder, the material used to connect two metal pipes, in the past.

The DWI says the easiest way people can check if they have lead pipes in their home is to find the stop tap.

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If the pipe is a dull grey with a swollen joint next to the tap and the metal turns a shiny silver when gently scraped with a coin, it, and potentially others in the home, are likely to be made of lead.

Once lead is found, the DWI advises people to run the tap they use for drinking and cooking before using it to clear it of liquid that has been sitting in the pipe for an extended period and has a higher lead content as a result. 

The DWI says this is usually enough water to fill a washing up bowl or until there is noticeable drop in the water temperature indicating it is ‘fresh’ from the mains.

However, it emphasises that this is only a temporary measure and lead piping or soldering should be replaced as soon as possible.

Even brushing your teeth from the upstairs tap may not be recommended, Government officials advise (stock image)

Even brushing your teeth from the upstairs tap may not be recommended, Government officials advise (stock image)

Even brushing your teeth from the upstairs tap may not be recommended, Government officials advise (stock image)

Avoid drinking and even brushing your teeth with water from the upstairs taps, if you have a storage tank in your roof

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Thirsty in the night? 

Be warned, it might not be safe to fill up a glass of water from an upstairs tap.

Under the same logic, it also could be risky to brush your teeth using the bathroom tap.

According to the DWI, many older properties get their upstairs water from storage tanks contained in the roof or the loft.

While modern, updated, versions of these tanks are now considered safe to drink, many older models have problems.

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Some are too large, meaning water within can ‘sit’ for too long that it isn’t technically fresh enough to drink.

Other tanks are made of traditional metals that can rust over time, leading to bits of metal in the water — albeit in trace quantities.

Tanks should also follow a number of strict standards such as having filters to prevent vermin from entering and not being located close to a heat source that can cause the water to spoil more rapidly. 

The DWI says the easiest way to check if your upstairs tap is connected to a water storage tank is to run the tap fully and place your thumb underneath the spout.

If you can hold back all of the water this way it is likely being fed from a tank instead of the mains. 

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What do the experts say?

Professor Alan Boobis, a toxicology expert at Imperial College London and Government advisor, said he personally doesn’t follow the DWI advice to avoid metals in tap water but insisted it was sound. 

‘Some substances are likely to be higher in the water first drawn from the tap, for example if they leach from the pipes,’ he said. 

‘It would not do any harm to follow this advice, and it could well help reduce levels of some of the substances, albeit they are likely to be below a level of concern regardless.’

Professor James Coulson, a toxicology expert at Cardiff University, said, like many Brits, he was unaware of the Government advice but followed his own precautions. 

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‘Personally, I run the tap for around 30 seconds to ensure the “dead space” in the system has been flushed through and I inspect it visually and smell it prior to drinking,’ he said.

‘But that is just my own personal preference.’

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Cesar movie awards ceremony overshadowed by sex abuse allegations, ‘Anatomy of a Fall’ sweeps prizes

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France’s annual movie awards ceremony took a somber turn Friday with a standing ovation for actress Judith Godreche who spoke out against sexual violence in the film industry.

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Thriller “Anatomy of a Fall” dominated France’s premier cinematic honours with six trophies, including best film, giving it new momentum ahead of the Oscars, in which it has five nominations.

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But the evening’s winners and losers were eclipsed by the speech from Godreche, who took the stage to denounce the “level of impunity, denial and privilege” in the industry.

Godreche, who has become a leading figure in France’s #MeToo movement, has accused directors Benoit Jacquot and Jacques Doillon of sexually assaulting her while she was a teenager. Both deny the allegations.

“Why accept that this art that we love so much, this art that binds us together, is used as a cover for illicit trafficking of young girls?” she said.

“You have to be wary of little girls. They touch the bottom of the pool, they bump into each other, they hurt themselves but they bounce back,” she said.

Justine Triet, who became just the second woman to win the best director Cesar, for “Anatomy of a Fall,” dedicated her award to women who have been hurt.

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The thriller about a wife accused of murdering her husband is one of France’s biggest international arthouse hits in recent years.

“I would like to dedicate this Cesar to all women (…) to those who succeed and those who fail, those who have been hurt and who liberate themselves by speaking, and those who do not succeed,” said Triet, who in May became just the third woman filmmaker to win the Palme d’Or.

‘Shaking up the habits’

Friday’s awards ceremony provided a striking contrast to the 2020 edition, when Roman Polanski won the best director trophy for “An Officer and A Spy”, prompting actress Adele Haenel to storm out in protest.

Polanski is still technically a fugitive from US justice over a child sex conviction in the 1970s

The question of sexual violence was raised from the start in Paris with introductory remarks by actress and director Valerie Lemercier, who presided over the ceremony.

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“I will not leave this stage without praising those who are shaking up the habits and customs of a very old world where the bodies of some were implicitly at the disposal of the bodies of others,” she said.

The first award of the night went to Adele Exarchopoulos for best supporting actress in “All Your Faces” in which she plays a victim of incest.

“Oppenheimer” director Christopher Nolan received an honorary Cesar.

Before the ceremony at the Olympia, around a hundred people demonstrated in front of the venue at the call of the CGT union to support victims of sexual violence.

“All together, we can really help things change, a truly better world can open up,” said actress Anna Mouglalis, who has accused directors Doillon and Philippe Garrel of sexually assaulting her.

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Before the awards, French culture minister Rachida Dati deplored a “collective blindness” that “lasted for years” in the industry in an interview with the magazine Le Film Francais.

“Creative freedom is total, but here we are not talking about art, we are talking paedocriminality,” regarding Godreche, she said.

Godreche, 51, has claimed Doillon, 79, took advantage of her while directing her in one of his films when she was 15.

She has also accused Jacquot of raping her during a six-year-long relationship that started when she was 14 and he was 25 years her senior.

French cinema has been rocked by allegations it has shrugged off sexism and sexual abuse for decades, and criticism that the arts have too long provided cover for abuse.

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Screen legend Gerard Depardieu, 75, has been charged with rape and has been accused of sexual harassment and assault by more than a dozen women. He denies the allegations.

President Emmanuel Macron came under fire for remarks defending the actor, who he said had become the target of a “manhunt”.

(AFP)

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WWE Elimination Chamber 2024 LIVE: Start time, updates and latest news as Rhea Ripley returns to her home nation and Logan Paul features in men’s match

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So Owens will be hopeful of booking his WrestleMania slot today, but who else is in the Elimination Chamber matches?

Six men and six women will fight to face Rollins and (likely) Ripley respectively at ‘Mania, and they willl be as follows…

Drew McIntyre v Randy Orton v Bobby Lashley v LA Knight v Kevin Owens v Logan Paul

Becky Lynch v Bianca Belair v Liv Morgan v Tiffany Stratton v Naomi v Raquel Rodriguez

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It’s quite hard to predict the winners, actually – but my money is on Drew and Becky.

PHOENIX, ARIZONA - MARCH 27: Becky Lynch with her belt during WWE WrestleMania RAW at the Footprint Center on March 27, 2023 in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. (Photo by Alejandro Salazar/PX Images/Icon Sportswire via Getty Images)

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Angry French Farmers storm into Paris agriculture fair ahead of Macron visit

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A group of French farmers stormed into a major Paris farm fair on Saturday ahead of a planned visit by President Emmanuel Macron amid anger over costs, red tape and green regulations.

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Facing dozens of policemen inside the trade fair, the farmers were shouting and booing, calling for the resignation of Macron and using expletives aimed at the French leader.

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“This is our home!”, they shouted, as lines of French CRS riot police sought to contain the demonstration. There were some clashes with demonstrators and the police arrested at least one of them, a Reuters witness saw.

Macron, who is having breakfast with French farmers’ union leaders, was scheduled to walk within the alleys of the trade fair afterwards.

He canceled a debate he wanted to hold at the farm fair on Saturday with farmers, food processors and retailers, after farmers unions said they would not show up.

Farmers have been protesting across Europe, calling for better income, less bureaucracy and denouncing unfair competition from cheap Ukrainian goods imported to help Kyiv’s war effort.

The Paris farm show is a major event in France, attracting around 600,000 visitors over nine days.

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Farmers’ protests, which have spread across Europe, come as the far right, for which farmers represent a growing constituency, is seen making gains in June’s European Parliament elections.

French farmers earlier this month largely suspended protests that included blocking highways and dumping manure in front of public buildings after Prime Minister Gabriel Attal promised new measures worth 400 million euros ($433 million).

But protests resumed this week to put pressure on the government to provide more help and deliver on promises, ahead of the Paris farm show.

(REUTERS)

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Post Office launched fraud investigation into board member hired to represent sub-postmasters in wake of Horizon scandal

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  • Elliot Jacobs was hired in 2021 to show the Post Office culture had changed
  • Despite this he was investigated for an accounting discrepancy at his shops 

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The Post Office launched a fraud investigation into a board member, who was hired to represent sub-postmasters following the Horizon scandal. 

Elliot Jacobs, who was appointed to the board in 2021 to represents sub-postmasters, was part of an attempt by the Post Office to show the culture that allowed the horizon scandal to take place had now changed. 

Despite this Mr Jacobs, who owns eight post offices across North London which still use the Horizon IT system, was investigated by the Post Office’s legal team due to an accounting discrepancy of several thousand pounds.     

The Post Office concluded its investigation into Mr Jacob and found no wrongdoing.

However, the incident angered the Post Office chairman, Henry Staunton, so much so that The Daily Telegraph reports Mr Staunton confrontated with Ben Foat, the company’s group general counsel, about the investigation. 

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Post Office chairman Henry Staunton. The investigation into Elliot Jacobs angered Mr Staunton so much that he confronted Ben Foat, the company's group general counsel

Post Office chairman Henry Staunton. The investigation into Elliot Jacobs angered Mr Staunton so much that he confronted Ben Foat, the company's group general counsel

Post Office chairman Henry Staunton. The investigation into Elliot Jacobs angered Mr Staunton so much that he confronted Ben Foat, the company’s group general counsel  

The Horizon scandal took place between 1999 and 2015 when the Post Office wrongly prosecuted 700 sub-postmasters and sub-postmistresses for incorrect data provided by the computer system (stock image)

The Horizon scandal took place between 1999 and 2015 when the Post Office wrongly prosecuted 700 sub-postmasters and sub-postmistresses for incorrect data provided by the computer system (stock image)

The Horizon scandal took place between 1999 and 2015 when the Post Office wrongly prosecuted 700 sub-postmasters and sub-postmistresses for incorrect data provided by the computer system (stock image)

The Horizon scandal became much more widely known after Toby Jones, above, appeared in ITV drama Mr Bates Vs The Post Office

The Horizon scandal became much more widely known after Toby Jones, above, appeared in ITV drama Mr Bates Vs The Post Office

The Horizon scandal became much more widely known after Toby Jones, above, appeared in ITV drama Mr Bates Vs The Post Office

This incident allegedly contributed to Mr Staunton’s sacking by Kemi Badenoch.

In emails seen by The Telegraph Mr Jacobs wrote on January 24: ‘The culture that PMs (postmasters) are “guilty” and “on the take” is embedded in this company and whilst we continue to employee 40+ people who ensured innocent people were found guilty and who continue to believe that mantra, this will never change.’

Mr Jacobs says in another email that he raised his treatment with Mr Foat and that he was treated like he was ‘guilty until proven innocent.’ 

Three days after Mr Jacobs sent his email Mr Stuanton was sacked by Kemi Badenoch.

The Horizon scandal took place between 1999 and 2015 when the Post Office wrongly prosecuted 700 sub-postmasters and sub-postmistresses for incorrect data provided by the computer system. Shockingly, that works out to one person being prosecuted a week.

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While the public inquiry into the scandal has been ongoing since February 2021, it returned to the headlines this year due to a hit ITV dramatisation of the scandal – Mr Bates vs the Post Office.

The drama starred Toby Jones as the titular character Alan Bates, the former postmaster who instigated the court case that led to the ruling that the scandal was a miscarriage of justice.

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Negotiators in Paris for ceasefire talks as strikes continue in Gaza

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More than 100 people were reported killed early Saturday in overnight strikes across Gaza, as Israel’s spy chief was in Paris for talks seeking to “unblock” progress towards a truce and the return of hostages held by Palestinian militants.Read our liveblog to see how all the day’s events unfolded. 

A man walks amid the debris of destroyed houses in the aftermath of Israeli bombardment in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip on February 22, 2024, amid continuing battles between Israel and the Palesti
A man walks amid the debris of destroyed houses in the aftermath of Israeli bombardment in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip on February 22, 2024, amid continuing battles between Israel and the Palestinian militant group Hamas. © Mohammed Abed, AFP

This live page is no longer being updated. For all the latest please in the Israel-Hamas war, click here.

Summary:

  • An Israeli delegation led by spy chief David Barnea is in Paris for ceasefire talks on Saturday with the US, Qatar and Egypt.
  • Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu has proposed a post-war plan granting Israel security control over Gaza while Palestinians with no links to Hamas and other militant groups run the enclave.

  • A senior Hamas official on Friday dismissed Netanyahu’s Gaza post-war proposals, telling reporters in Lebanon that the Israeli prime minister knew “full well” his plan “will never succeed”. 

  • An annual UN report published Friday identified gross human rights violations committed by all parties in Israel and the Palestinian territories.

  • An Israeli delegation led by spy chief David Barnea arrived in Paris for ceasefire talks with the US, Qatar and Egypt Friday.
  • Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu has proposed a post-war plan granting Israel security control over Gaza while Palestinians with no links to Hamas and other militant groups run the enclave.

  •  
  • A senior Hamas official on Friday dismissed Netanyahu’s Gaza post-war proposals, telling reporters in Lebanon that the Israeli prime minister knew “full well” his plan “will never succeed”. 

  • An annual UN report published Friday identified gross human rights violations committed by all parties in Israel and the Palestinian territories.

  • Leaders of major UN and humanitarian organisations are calling on Israel to provide food and medicine and facilitate aid deliveries to the 2.3 million Palestinians in conflict-wracked Gaza – and on world leaders “to prevent an even worse catastrophe from happening”.

  • At least 29,514 people have been killed and 69,616 wounded in Israeli strikes in Gaza, according to health authorities in the Hamas-run enclave. Around 1,140 people were killed in the Hamas-led October 7 attacks, according to Israeli officials. Around 250 people were taken hostage during the attack and 132 are still in Gaza, according to Israeli figures.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP, AP, Reuters)

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Dead dolphin bleeding from its eye and jaw that washed up on New Jersey beach sparks investigation – as locals claim sonar blasting from  offshore wind farm companies is to blame

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The gruesome scene of a dead dolphin on a New Jersey beach has sparked an investigation into its cause of death.

The marine animal was spotted on February 19, as it lay on the sands of Avalon bleeding from its eye and a gaping hole along its mouth.

Locals have claimed that sonar blasting from an offshore wind company to map the seafloor is to blame as the technology has been suggested to disrupt animals’ movements, sending them into boats or onto the shore. 

Evidence has shown that when exposed to high sonar frequencies, marine mammals swim hundreds of miles and rapidly change their depth, which can cause bleeding from the eyes and ears.

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Ship tracking data showed a vessel fitted with the technology was off the coast of New Jersey around the time of the dolphin’s death. 

But experts told DailyMail.com that ‘evidence of sonar trauma is not something that would be found in an external exam.’

The gruesome scene of a dead dolphin on a New Jersey beach has sparked an investigation into its cause of death

The gruesome scene of a dead dolphin on a New Jersey beach has sparked an investigation into its cause of death

The gruesome scene of a dead dolphin on a New Jersey beach has sparked an investigation into its cause of death

Bonnie Brady, executive director at Long Island Commercial Fishing Association, told DailyMail.com that the marine animal was a short-beaked common dolphin, which can be found along the continental slope in waters between 650 to 6,500 feet deep.

She noted that it is very rare that this type of dolphin would be found close to the beach.

Jamie Steiert, an Avalon local, spotted the dead dolphin on the beach.

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‘NJ conservation officer picked it up while I was there and said he was meeting up with the Marine Mammal Stranding Center,’ Steiert told DailyMail.com.

‘I hear they are already saying the dolphin was scavenged. We have been asking consistently to prove that there is no hearing damage but we are always shut out.’

The only way to determine whether a marine animal died due to sonar is to perform a necropsy and analyze the ear bone for damage.

The marine animal was spotted on February 19, as it lay on the sands of Avalon bleeding from its eye and a gaping hole along its mouth

The marine animal was spotted on February 19, as it lay on the sands of Avalon bleeding from its eye and a gaping hole along its mouth

The marine animal was spotted on February 19, as it lay on the sands of Avalon bleeding from its eye and a gaping hole along its mouth

Locals have claimed that sonar blasting from an offshore wind company to map the seafloor is to blame as the technology has been suggested to disrupt animals' movements, sending them into boats or onto the shore

Locals have claimed that sonar blasting from an offshore wind company to map the seafloor is to blame as the technology has been suggested to disrupt animals' movements, sending them into boats or onto the shore

Locals have claimed that sonar blasting from an offshore wind company to map the seafloor is to blame as the technology has been suggested to disrupt animals’ movements, sending them into boats or onto the shore

The Mexican-owned HOS Browning vessel was identified off the coast of New Jersey four days before the dolphin was found on the beach

The Mexican-owned HOS Browning vessel was identified off the coast of New Jersey four days before the dolphin was found on the beach

The Mexican-owned HOS Browning vessel was identified off the coast of New Jersey four days before the dolphin was found on the beach

The ears of a dolphin sit in their lower jaw area, but it is unclear if the hole is in the exact location. 

Steiert said the eye appeared to be missing, but the blood pouring out of the hole was fresh.

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‘I was specifically curious about the bleeding area by the lower jaw. I question if it wasn’t already bleeding when it washed up and then maybe something tried scavenging,’ said Steiert.

‘I can tell you that when I got to the 75th Street beach there wasn’t anyone around except a police officer sitting in the car…and not one sign of any seagulls or other birds in the area.’ 

Justin Viezbicke, the stranding coordinator from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, told DailyMail.com: ‘When carcasses float around or sit on the beach they typically get fed on by birds and the round circular hole that you see as well as the bloody eye socket is mostly likely the result of a bird eating the eye and pecking at the lower jaw.’

The images of the dolphin were shared online, sparking attention from many New Jersians, with one posting on X: ‘This is hemorrhaging caused by sonar and they know it but it is not something they check for.’

Gary Kellstrom also shared: ‘This is not normal, but happens frequently. This sonar assault must be halted. 

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‘Historically, projects putting endangered species at risk have been blocked by lawsuits. What do we need to do to organize a legal action to stop these atrocities?’ 

NOAA has previously stated: ‘Increasing evidence suggests that exposure to intense underwater sound in some settings may cause some dolphins to strand and ultimately die. 

‘NOAA Fisheries is investigating all aspects of acoustic communication and hearing in marine animals, as well as the effects of sound on whale behavior and hearing.’

The Mexican-owned HOS Browning vessel was identified off the coast of New Jersey four days before the dolphin was found on the beach.

HOS is working with Fugro, a Dutch company that performs geotechnical, survey and geoscience services.

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Documents from the US Department of Homeland Security also noted: ‘HOS Browning, call sign XCBK8, will be conducting geotechnical survey operations, using a mobilized vibracoring system

Documents from the US Department of Homeland Security also noted: ‘HOS Browning, call sign XCBK8, will be conducting geotechnical survey operations, using a mobilized vibracoring system

Documents from the US Department of Homeland Security also noted: ‘HOS Browning, call sign XCBK8, will be conducting geotechnical survey operations, using a mobilized vibracoring system

‘Operations will occur within Lease 0541 area and have been ongoing since 2022 and continue to approximately June 30, 2024,' according to documents about the surveying.  Lease 0541 sits 27 miles from the coastline and covers 79,351 acres of water.

‘Operations will occur within Lease 0541 area and have been ongoing since 2022 and continue to approximately June 30, 2024,' according to documents about the surveying.  Lease 0541 sits 27 miles from the coastline and covers 79,351 acres of water.

‘Operations will occur within Lease 0541 area and have been ongoing since 2022 and continue to approximately June 30, 2024,’ according to documents about the surveying.  Lease 0541 sits 27 miles from the coastline and covers 79,351 acres of water.

The images of the dolphin were shared online, sparking attention from many New Jersians

The images of the dolphin were shared online, sparking attention from many New Jersians

The images of the dolphin were shared online, sparking attention from many New Jersians

Fugro is performing a third year of integrated site characterization services for Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind and is using HOS to survey the ocean floor.

‘They are doing geophysical vibracoring, which is various sonars, some seismic in nature,’ said Brady.

Documents from the US Department of Homeland Security also noted: ‘HOS Browning, call sign XCBK8, will be conducting geotechnical survey operations, using a mobilized vibracoring system.

‘Operations will occur within Lease 0541 area and have been ongoing since 2022 and continue to approximately June 30, 2024.’

Lease 0541 sits 27 miles from the coastline and covers 79,351 acres of water.

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The site is east of Atlantic City, which is just 36 miles from Avalon where the dolphin was found on the beach.

However, it is unclear if the sonar impacted the dolphin that was found dead on the shore this month. 

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International

A Ukrainian soldier in France speaks about writing and recovery

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Ahead of the second anniversary of Russia’s full-scale war against Ukraine, Ukrainian soldier and author Oleksandr “Teren” Budko spoke to FRANCE 24 about his path to recovery after losing both legs, his approach to writing and his patriotism.

On a recent evening at the Ukrainian Cultural Institute in France, Oleksandr “Teren” Budko stood with his interpreter before a large audience of Ukrainians and other nationalities. Blond and with a boyish face, the 27-year-old Ukrainian soldier was on the French leg of his European book tour for “Story of a Stubborn Man”. The autobiography interspersed with memories from the front lines recounts his road from civilian to soldier and then to battle-scarred veteran.

Budko began writing the book in October 2022, just two months after losing both legs after a shell landed near him in a trench during the counteroffensive for the city of Kharkiv. “I found inspiration for my writing on the front lines,” he said. Even before the injury, he had been publishing short texts accompanied by pictures of him and his buddies in combat gear as they worked to repel the Russian enemy.

Athletically built and wearing a quilted blue shirt and shorts that showed his prosthetics, Budko was as comfortable as a stand-up comedian in front of a crowd. “There is no truth in the leg,” he said, repeating a Ukrainian proverb that suggests a person who has walked a lot cannot tell the truth because they are tired.

Appreciation for a war hero

Yet he wanted to get as close to the truth as possible while writing his book. He wanted to capture the voices of his comrades and the sights and the sounds of what he experienced in eastern Ukraine. He would try to write, but then get stuck with month-long bouts of writer’s block. A trip to Florida, where he went to get fitted with sports prosthetics so he could participate in the Invictus Games, finally changed something in him. “I was there under the sun, I swam in the sea in Miami, I ate at McDonald’s – and this gave me the perfect circumstances to write this book,” he said.

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Thousands of miles away from Ukraine, he revisited his prior experience as a Ukrainian soldier. His days were filled with rehabilitation but, at night, he would write. Like plunging into the nearly clear waters off the Atlantic coast, he immersed himself in his memories of fighting the war and typed them up on a computer.

“Some of the people I wrote about in the book are dead, and that’s why it was so hard to write the text,” said Budko. Luckily, many people in the book did survive, “including my comrade Artem”, he said, nodding toward a young man in a wheelchair sitting in the front row. The audience responded with lengthy applause in appreciation of the two young men for their sacrifice – and for coming home alive.

Memories from the war

Budko agreed to an interview the next day to talk about what led him to fight in the war and his memories from that time. After a visit to Paris’s Carnavalet Museum, with its elaborate displays dedicated to the French Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, the young man in a black hoodie settled at a kebab restaurant on the Rue des Rosiers, an eclectic street in the Marais neighbourhood of central Paris. He was accompanied by his editor and a lively group of young Ukrainians who, judging by their level of excitement, appeared to be visiting the French capital for the first time.

Sitting with his back against the wall, a bit apart from the group, Budko suddenly seemed less like a comedian and more like a wise old man. “I wrote this book for civilians and for people who had never seen war, so they could understand what happens on the front lines,” he said. 

Through his interpreter, Budko said he was in Kyiv when the war began on February 24, 2022. “I signed up as a volunteer because I wanted to defend my country from the enemy and help it gain independence,” he said.

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Although he had never held a weapon before in his life, he joined the Carpathian Sich 49th Infantry Battalion, a battalion of the Ukrainian Ground Forces established in May 2022. After some training and taking part in the defence of the capital Kyiv, Budko was deployed to northeastern Ukraine near Izium.

Most people in the battalion were volunteers who accepted the consequences of their choice, remembered Budko. “Of course Bakhmut and Avdiivka exist (two besieged cities known for scenes of the most ferocious violence of the war), but the life of a soldier is not only about fighting,” he added.

Budko recalled one moment when he ate a slice of foie gras for breakfast: “For me, it was a sign I was still alive,” he said. Despite being trained as killing machines, Budko said he and his fellow volunteers continued civilian life to the best of their ability, preparing traditional meals like borscht, a red beetroot soup, and taking the time to enjoy them with each other. This also meant saving abandoned cats and dogs and evacuating elderly people from zones that had become too perilous for them to stay.

An invincible optimism

From the trenches, the soldiers watched Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky’s speeches and followed news reports on military support from abroad. “We were interested in how the war was going to end, but of course the weapons situation was important too, because without weapons it was going to be impossible to end the war,” said Budko. “Despite the many weapons given, it was never enough.”

Writing the book also allowed Budko to relive some of the moments from “one of the best times of my life”, he said. The adventure, the camaraderie and the moments of peace, such as when he would lie down on the ground with a book, seem to have left Budko with a sense of nostalgia devoid of any bitterness. But today he preferred not to talk about the day he suffered the injury that caused him to lose both legs: “There is no trauma, but I’ve told the story too many times.”

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Budko said he has always been endowed with an invincible optimism. He said what changed after the injury is that he “became braver and more open to people”.

Thinking back to his time in the service, the young man recalled the discovery of a small kobzar (a Ukrainian bard) figurine he made one day while digging trenches in the Kharkiv region. The statue was more confirmation that the lands were Ukrainian, he said, because kobzars never existed in Russia. It further convinced him of his role in preserving Ukrainian territorial integrity.

Ahead of the second anniversary of Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, Budko likened the war to a “David against Goliath” struggle and voiced a warning about the existential nature of the threat: “The less support Ukraine gets, the closer the enemy gets to other European countries.”

With this in mind, his goal today is to “contribute to the Western population’s understanding of the war, and encourage them to support us so that they can help obtain a Ukrainian victory as soon as possible”.

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International

Standing charges on energy bills rise AGAIN despite gas and electricity prices falling

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  •  The cost of energy is dropping, but standing charges keep going up
  •  The average home will pay £219 a year in these daily fees from April

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Millions of households will see their daily electricity standing charges rise to a record £219 a year from April – despite overall energy bills falling.

The problem of soaring standing charges is a sore point for many households, as these charges cannot be avoided by cutting down on gas and electricity used.

Yesterday, energy regulator Ofgem confirmed the average household energy bill will soon fall by £238 to £1,690 due to a cut to the £1,928-a-year price cap from 1 April.

Falling: The energy price cap may be falling, but standing charges continue to rise

Falling: The energy price cap may be falling, but standing charges continue to rise

Falling: The energy price cap may be falling, but standing charges continue to rise 

The current price cap sets the energy bills paid by more than 80 per cent of UK homes, though the exact amount varies depending on gas and electricity use.

Energy bills are made up of two parts – unit rates, which pay for gas and electricity used, and standing charges, which are paid regardless of how much energy is used.

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The overall decrease in the average price-capped energy bill conceals the fact that while unit rates are falling, standing charges continue their steep rise.

The average electricity unit rate is falling 14.39 per cent, from an average 28.62p per kilowatt hour (kWh) now to 24.5p per kWh from 1 April.

But the electricity standing charge is rising by 12.6 per cent in the same time, from 53.35p a day now to 60.1p in April.

For gas, the typical 7.42p per kWh unit rate is falling 18.5 per cent to 6.04p from April. The average gas standing charge of 29.6p a day is rising 6 per cent to 31.43p from April.

In the summer of 2021 the typical electricity standing charge was 25p a day, and 27p for gas – meaning these charges will have risen 219 per cent and 16.4 per cent respectively by April.

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Ballooning: The cost of energy standing charges has rocketed in the past three years

Ballooning: The cost of energy standing charges has rocketed in the past three years

Ballooning: The cost of energy standing charges has rocketed in the past three years

Why have electricity standing charges gone up?

Because energy firms are passing on costs through daily fixed standing charges, and not through unit rates.

Some of this is due to Ofgem rules, such as its demand that energy firms recover certain costs through standing charges, such as the cost of network costs such as maintaining electricity cables.

Another big reason for electricity standing charges rising so fast is that the cost of failed energy firms is mostly paid for through standing charges.

There are also other, less financially significant factors, such as government policy costs and the smart meter rollout. The full breakdown is below: 

Where it goes: According to Ofgem, the majority of standing charges goes to 'customer service' and 'network costs'

Where it goes: According to Ofgem, the majority of standing charges goes to 'customer service' and 'network costs'

Where it goes: According to Ofgem, the majority of standing charges goes to ‘customer service’ and ‘network costs’

Why have gas standing charges risen far less?

Simply because households using gas pay for things like failed suppliers and network costs through unit rates and not standing charges.

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What is the future for standing charges?

The most trustworthy predictions for the future of standing charges come from analysts at Cornwall Insight, which accurately predicts changes to the price cap.

Cornwall Insight believes the electricity standing charge will fall slightly to 58p in July and then rise again to 60p in October.

For gas, Cornwall Insight thinks standing charges will fall to 30p in July then increase slightly to 31p in October.

Ofgem said that while increasing network costs has contributed to the rise in standing charges it is currently reviewing more than 40,000 responses to its call for input over the charges that it asked for in November 2023.

Why do standing charges vary? 

Standing charges vary depending on several factors, including where you live and what sort of meter you have.

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Previous analysis by This is Money found that homes in Liverpool have the highest overall standing charges, at a combined £362 a year.

Meanwhile, households in London pay the lowest, at an average of £276 for gas and electricity.

Households with a smart meter pay less than those with pre-payment or standard energy meters.

It is even possible to get an energy tariff with no standing charge at all, though these are rare.

These also tend to be just as expensive as standard deals as unit rates will be higher.

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What to do if you are struggling with energy bills 

Just one in five (18 per cent) of us are putting the central heating on as much as we need to, according to research by survey firm YouGov late last year. Even worse, 15 per cent of people cannot afford to heat their properties at all.

If you can’t afford your energy bills, regulator Ofgem has three steps to follow.

1) Speak to your energy firm – it may set up a payment plan, give you a hardship grant or give you more time to pay

2) See what help is out there – in addition to energy firms’ schemes and grants, the Government has several cost of living payments you might qualify for. Citizens Advice has a full list 

3) Get proper advice – speak to an organisation such as the Money Advice Service, National Debtline or StepChange  

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