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Les frappes aériennes israéliennes tuent un soldat et mettent hors service l’aéroport syrien d’Alep

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Des frappes aériennes israéliennes ont visé mardi matin l’aéroport international d’Alep, dans le nord de la Syrie, tuant un soldat syrien et mettant l’aéroport hors service, ont indiqué les médias officiels.

L’agence de presse d’État syrienne SANA, citant un responsable militaire, a déclaré que deux civils et cinq autres soldats syriens avaient été blessés et qu’Israël avait lancé des frappes aériennes sur d’autres cibles anonymes autour d’Alep.

Il n’y a pas eu de déclaration immédiate des autorités israéliennes sur les frappes.

L’aéroport a été un canal clé pour le flux d’aide dans le pays après le tremblement de terre du 6 février qui a frappé la Turquie et la Syrie, tuant plus de 50 000 personnes, dont plus de 6 000 en Syrie.

L’observateur de guerre de l’opposition basé en Grande-Bretagne, l’Observatoire syrien des droits de l’homme, a déclaré que la frappe visait un dépôt de munitions près de l’aéroport. Il a également fait état de frappes israéliennes sur un aéroport militaire dans la campagne d’Alep, bien que les médias d’État syriens n’aient pas rendu compte de l’affaire.

En mars, Israël a frappé l’aéroport d’Alep à deux reprises et l’a mis hors service pendant plusieurs jours.

Israël, qui a juré d’arrêter l’enracinement iranien à côté, a mené des centaines de frappes sur des cibles dans les parties contrôlées par le gouvernement de la Syrie voisine ces dernières années, mais les reconnaît rarement.

SANA a rapporté samedi que les frappes aériennes israéliennes au-dessus de Homs avaient blessé trois civils et qu’une station-service civile avait pris feu. Le SOHR a déclaré que les missiles avaient détruit un dépôt de munitions appartenant au groupe militant libanais Hezbollah soutenu par l’Iran dans un aéroport militaire dans la campagne de Homs.

(PA)

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Plants have INTELLIGENCE and the ability to ‘problem solve’, scientists claim

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Look away now, vegans. 

A new study suggests plants possess a form of intelligence.

Researchers found they are able to solve problems by sensing when a nearby plant is being devoured by insects and adapting to avoid destruction. 

Many scientists define intelligence as having a central nervous system, where electrical signals pass along messages to other nerves to process information. 

Instead, plants have a vascular system, which is a network of cells that transports water, minerals and nutrients to help them grow.

Now, scientists are calling for a redefinition of intelligence to include problem-solving as a sign.

Researchers found they are able to solve problems, by determining how to adapted it adapts its response based on whether or not another plant is nearby

Researchers found they are able to solve problems, by determining how to adapted it adapts its response based on whether or not another plant is nearby

Researchers found they are able to solve problems, by determining how to adapted it adapts its response based on whether or not another plant is nearby

Kessler, a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at Cornell University, said: ‘There are more than 70 definitions that are published for intelligence and there is no agreement on what it is, even within a given field.’

Previous studies have found that plants emit a high frequency distress sound when they undergo environmental stress, such as damage to their leaves and stems.

Researchers have also speculated that plants may be able to count, make decisions, recognize their relatives and even remember events.

The latest revelation came from studying goldenrods, which are flowers found across North America, Europe and Asia, as the team observed how it responded when eaten by beetles.

The plant emitted a chemical that informed the insect that the plant is damaged and is a poor source of food.

The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were then detected by nearby goldenrods that produced the same defense mechanism to avoid being eaten.

‘This would fit our definition of intelligence,’ Kessler explained.

‘Depending on the information it receives from the environment, the plant changes its standard behavior.’

The team ran experiments in 2021 that showed goldenrods can also detect higher far-red light, or daylight, ratios reflected off leaves of neighboring plants.

Far-red light influences growth of all vegetation.

As neighboring plants sense a nearby goldenrod is being eaten they adapted by growing faster and releasing more of the defense chemical.

‘When no neighbors are present, the plants don’t resort to accelerated growth when eaten and the chemical responses to herbivores are markedly different, though they still tolerate quite high amounts of herbivory,’ researchers shared. 

The revelation came from studying goldenrods, which are flowering plants found across North America, Europe and Asia, as the team observed how it responded when eaten by beetles

The revelation came from studying goldenrods, which are flowering plants found across North America, Europe and Asia, as the team observed how it responded when eaten by beetles

The revelation came from studying goldenrods, which are flowering plants found across North America, Europe and Asia, as the team observed how it responded when eaten by beetles

In addition, plants were found to ‘smell’ the chemical that signals there was presence of a pest.

‘The volatile emission coming from a neighbor is predictive of future herbivory,’ Kessler said. 

‘They can use an environmental cue to predict a future situation, and then act on that.’

Applying the concept of intelligence to plants can inspire fresh hypotheses about the mechanisms and functions of plant chemical communication, while also shifting people’s thinking about what intelligence really means, Kessler said.

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As Woodsmith mine is mothballed, job losses will have a seismic impact on the community in Whitby

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The site of Britain’s biggest mining development is a hive of activity. Builders and engineers are working to sink twin shafts that are both almost one-mile deep at the Woodsmith fertiliser project near the picturesque seaside town of Whitby.

Under the North York Moors National Park, another team is racing to drill a 23-mile tunnel that will connect Woodsmith to Teesside.

Woodsmith was billed as a transformational project. Hopes were that it could produce so much fertiliser, its economic value could be as much as 4 per cent of Britain’s entire national income.

That is not how it has turned out. The bustle is set to end within months after the mine’s owner, Anglo American, pledged to dramatically cut investment. Locals believe that move is ‘a disaster’.

The Mail on Sunday can reveal that the starting gun has been fired on mass job cuts at Woodsmith. Staff at a major contractor on the site were last week told that more than 300 people would be let go by the end of the year, a source in Whitby said.

In a hole: The North York Moors (top) and deep underground in the Woodsmith mine (above)

In a hole: The North York Moors (top) and deep underground in the Woodsmith mine (above)

In a hole: The North York Moors (top) and deep underground in the Woodsmith mine (above)

As many as 80 per cent of the site’s 1,400 contractors could be affected in total, the Mail revealed last month.

This is deeply unhelpful for the Tories, who are desperate to hang on to seats in red wall areas such as nearby Teesside, and for Rishi Sunak, whose North Yorkshire constituency of Richmond – to be known as Richmond and Northallerton from the General Election – is only a few miles away.

Woodsmith’s slowdown has alarmed Tories defending marginal seats in the surrounding area at the election next month.

Sir Simon Clarke, defending Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland, has called the slowdown a ‘very unwelcome surprise’.

And Jacob Young, Tory candidate for Redcar, who won his seat in 2019 and has a slim 3,500 majority, urged Anglo American to reverse its decision. He said: ‘If contractors are demobilised and staff are laid off then the project may never be restarted.’

Anglo American is due to make a public announcement on Woodsmith’s future later this month. However, the company told The Mail on Sunday it would ‘gradually’ halve its own workforce to 160 people over the coming year.

The slowdown will bring development to a halt, putting the partially complete mine into hibernation. It will leave a skeleton staff to help with basic maintenance.

The local economy is braced for the shock of losing the business provided by the mine contractors and the delay to the creation of permanent jobs at Woodsmith.

It brings back bad memories for many.

People here have seen other once-thriving industries, such as steel, wind down, leaving thousands with nowhere to go.

The upheaval at Woodsmith is part of a strategy put together last month by Anglo’s chief executive, Duncan Wanblad, to help fend off a £39 billion takeover attempt by rival BHP.

Wanblad won – the deal was abandoned. Woodsmith, however, was collateral damage.

Anglo may not make a final decision on the future of the mine for a couple of years but the omens are not good. It is a huge setback for a project that began with high hopes eight years ago under the original developer, a now-defunct company called Sirius.

Such is the local concern that a task force is due to be set up by North Yorkshire County Council.

It will involve others, including Teesside Mayor Ben Houchen, to help subcontractors find alternative work. Carl Les, leader of Tory-controlled North Yorkshire County Council, said: ‘The only positive thing is that the Teesside area is quite prosperous at the moment and there’s a lot of other work going on which may provide opportunities for those affected by the slow-down.’

Les said areas of the wider local economy benefiting from the mine contractors range from hoteliers and those renting houses to cafe owners, pubs and retailers.

He said the project has helped widen the local economy from dependence on tourism.Anglo is seeking an investment partner – possibly in the form of another miner or a sovereign wealth fund – with which to share the huge cost of the project. John Cook, chairman of the Yorkshire Coast Mineral Association, a collection of farmers who lease their land to the mine, said Woodsmith would be a ‘decent prospect’ for a partner because its fertiliser reserves could be mined for 100 years.

He said: ‘When Anglo American took over the mine there was optimism locally. They’re a big quoted company and were seen as potentially being a safe pair of hands.’

Cook was one of thousands of small investors who put their faith and their money into Sirius Minerals back in 2015. He said: ‘Like many people, I invested a bit of money in it as a small investor I felt a duty to back something that could be so huge for this area, I wanted to be part of it.’

He and an estimated 85,000 other individual investors, many of whom were locals, lost thousands of pounds or even their life savings when Sirius’s share price collapsed. It was rescued by Anglo in a cut-price £400 million deal.

The grand plans unveiled by Sirius captured the imagination of a region brutalised by the loss of thousands of steel jobs in neighbouring Teesside.

The company was to construct two 4,900 feet shafts to reach a 230 feet mineral seam, making it the deepest mine in Europe.

Bad taste: Sackys Cafe owner Steve Swales will be affected

Bad taste: Sackys Cafe owner Steve Swales will be affected

Bad taste: Sackys Cafe owner Steve Swales will be affected

The polyhalite was then to be transported 23 miles in a tunnel to the company’s processing plant at Teesside on a giant conveyor belt.

The project was originally due to be completed by 2021 but the most recent estimates for completion –before the slowdown was announced – were 2027. The timeline now is unknown.

The scale of job losses will have a seismic impact on Whitby.

Steve Swales, 50, owner of Sackys Cafe on the harbour, said: ‘I know lads who gave up good jobs to go and work in the mine.

‘Now we’re hearing 80 per cent could lose their jobs.

‘Make no mistake, a lot of job losses up at the mine will have a big effect on everything in this town.’

Frank Iddon, 66, is operations director of the Whitby Endeavour, a museum boat and restaurant dedicated to the legacy of explorer Captain James Cook.

‘It is another blow the area could do without, especially after the loss of all the steel jobs on Teesside,’ he said.

Peter Donichey, 70, was selling joke books to tourists on the harbour but felt the situation at Woodsmith Mine was no laughing matter. He said: ‘I actually worked for Anglo American back in the 1980s in a gold mine in South Africa. It was a massive operation and I know the sort of money that company is worth because I’ve seen it first-hand.

Tom McCulley, chief executive of Anglo American’s crop nutrients division, said: ‘We are carrying out a full evaluation process of all workstreams to satisfy the new business plan.’

  • Additional reporting by Kevin Donald and Francesca Washtell 

Some links in this article may be affiliate links. If you click on them we may earn a small commission. That helps us fund This Is Money, and keep it free to use. We do not write articles to promote products. We do not allow any commercial relationship to affect our editorial independence.

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Thought the golden age of rail travel was over in the UK? Think again! Inside the GWR sleeper train from London to Cornwall – and it’s glorious, with gorgeous views, comfy cabins… and an all-night bar

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Some say the Golden Age of rail travel faded away years ago in Britain.

I’d say it’s still with us. Just. 

Mainly thanks to the country’s two sleeper services – the Caledonian Sleeper from London Euston to the Highlands (a service I’ve reviewed and touted as Britain’s contender for world’s greatest rail journey) and GWR’s Night Riviera from London Paddington to Penzance via Taunton, which I discover on a trip to the end of Cornwall offers romance and thrills by the (Mark III) carriage load.

This journey is along one of the country’s most scenic lines, takes in some of Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s finest construction work – including one particularly breathtaking bridge – the beds are dreamily comfortable, the staff decidedly chipper, and there’s an all-night bar.

The diesel locomotive-hauled train departs London Paddington late in the day – 11.45pm – but passengers can board from 10.30pm and hangout, if they have a sleeping berth, at the first-class lounge on platform one.

MailOnline Travel's Ted Thornhill took the GWR Night Riviera from London Paddington to Penzance. Pictured above is a publicity shot of a bunk-bed cabin

MailOnline Travel's Ted Thornhill took the GWR Night Riviera from London Paddington to Penzance. Pictured above is a publicity shot of a bunk-bed cabin

MailOnline Travel’s Ted Thornhill took the GWR Night Riviera from London Paddington to Penzance. Pictured above is a publicity shot of a bunk-bed cabin

The berths can be converted to a mini living room (promo shot)

The berths can be converted to a mini living room (promo shot)

The berths can be converted to a mini living room (promo shot)

It’s fairly basic and not much to write home about, but the train most certainly is. Hence this feature.

I’m travelling with my partner and six-year-old daughter – who, like her ex-trainspotter dad – is beside herself with excitement.

We’re greeted in carriage F by GWR’s Heidi, who seems sincerely delighted to have us on board.

As she checks us into our berth, she reveals that just a couple of days previously, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak had used the service for a campaign-trail visit to Cornwall.

Heidi reveals that the police ‘suddenly appeared’ at the start of her shift and announced that they needed to carry out a sweep of the carriage.

She continued excitedly: ‘I said, “What for?” And they told me the PM was on board.’

I’m sure Rishi would agree that it’s a wonderful operation.

Ted reveals that he isn't able to sit upright on his lower bunk. However, the top bunk can be folded away for solo travellers (promo shot)

Ted reveals that he isn't able to sit upright on his lower bunk. However, the top bunk can be folded away for solo travellers (promo shot)

Ted reveals that he isn’t able to sit upright on his lower bunk. However, the top bunk can be folded away for solo travellers (promo shot)

The rooms don't have showers or toilets - but do have sinks hidden under lids (publicity shot)

The rooms don't have showers or toilets - but do have sinks hidden under lids (publicity shot)

The rooms don’t have showers or toilets – but do have sinks hidden under lids (publicity shot)

Heidi takes our complimentary room-service breakfast order – croissants for the girls, sausage bap with ketchup for me, plus coffees and orange juice – then we explore our quarters.

Which are most inviting.

Not Pullman standard, by any means, but cosy and comfortable.

We have two interconnecting bunk-bed rooms, each with a sink hidden underneath a lid, a wafer-thin wardrobe with hangars and bottles of mineral water in holders at the bottom, plus light switches, sockets and charging points at the pillow end of the bed.

Access to the top bunks, meanwhile, is via a clever space-saving fold-away ladder that unfurls from the walls. The bonus is unimpeded access to the bottom bunk (the ladders on the Caledonian Sleeper are bolted onto the beds).

I’m also taken with the ambience – the decor is a soothing mixture of browns and greys and the lights can be adjusted to create a hygge-y vibe.

The Night Riviera departs from platform one at London Paddington and is hauled by a Class 57 diesel locomotive with a top speed of 95mph. The journey to Penzance takes just over eight hours

The Night Riviera departs from platform one at London Paddington and is hauled by a Class 57 diesel locomotive with a top speed of 95mph. The journey to Penzance takes just over eight hours

The Night Riviera departs from platform one at London Paddington and is hauled by a Class 57 diesel locomotive with a top speed of 95mph. The journey to Penzance takes just over eight hours

Passengers with sleeper berths can avail themselves of the first-class lounge at London Paddington

Passengers with sleeper berths can avail themselves of the first-class lounge at London Paddington

Passengers with sleeper berths can avail themselves of the first-class lounge at London Paddington

The Night Riviera departs at 11.45pm, but boarding commences at around 10.30pm

The Night Riviera departs at 11.45pm, but boarding commences at around 10.30pm

The Night Riviera departs at 11.45pm, but boarding commences at around 10.30pm

Before bed, we head to the lounge car, which is superb.

The set-up here is like a first-class carriage with bells and whistles, an inviting mixture of expansive upright quad seats with tables, pairs of Mastermind-style armchairs positioned at jaunty angles, and banquettes.

Need to plug in a device? You’re covered. The carriage is awash with charging points.

At one end is a counter where a chirpy barman is dispensing refreshments.

Here, there are ‘leaning posts’ fashioned like elongated mushrooms.

Quirky.

Train of thought: Ted also reveals his opinions of the Night Riviera on a short video (see above)

Train of thought: Ted also reveals his opinions of the Night Riviera on a short video (see above)

Train of thought: Ted also reveals his opinions of the Night Riviera on a short video (see above)

Ted is pictured here settling into his carriage F bunk

Ted is pictured here settling into his carriage F bunk

Ted is pictured here settling into his carriage F bunk

Ted after a night's sleep

Ted after a night's sleep
The room-service breakfast, which includes a sausage bap and coffee. Note - staff can also deliver the coffee in a silver pot

The room-service breakfast, which includes a sausage bap and coffee. Note - staff can also deliver the coffee in a silver pot

LEFT: Ted after a night’s sleep. RIGHT: The room-service breakfast, which includes a sausage bap and coffee. Note – staff can also deliver the coffee in a silver pot

Socket to them: The bedside light switches and charging points

Socket to them: The bedside light switches and charging points

Socket to them: The bedside light switches and charging points 

We procure a beer, a wine and a juice for the little one (snacks and basic breakfast items are also available to purchase) and sit down at one of the tables for a game of GWR train Top Trumps (the old ones are the best, eh?)

The atmosphere in the carriage is convivial, with strangers talking to strangers. In London. On a train.

Whatever next?

It’s time for bed, and the litmus test for the Night Riviera – does it offer a good night’s sleep?

The result? A pass with merit.

The pillows and duvets feel luxurious and the mattress is supportive.

Above is the lounge, which Ted describes as 'superb'

Above is the lounge, which Ted describes as 'superb'

Above is the lounge, which Ted describes as ‘superb’

At one end of the lounge is an all-night bar serving drinks and light refreshments. Here there are quirky mushroom-style leaning posts

At one end of the lounge is an all-night bar serving drinks and light refreshments. Here there are quirky mushroom-style leaning posts

At one end of the lounge is an all-night bar serving drinks and light refreshments. Here there are quirky mushroom-style leaning posts

The cheapest sleeper tickets are for first-class-style seats (above)

The cheapest sleeper tickets are for first-class-style seats (above)

The cheapest sleeper tickets are for first-class-style seats (above)

Ted wakes up at around 5am just as the train is passing over Isambard Kingdom Brunel's jaw-dropping 100ft-tall Royal Albert Bridge (above)

Ted wakes up at around 5am just as the train is passing over Isambard Kingdom Brunel's jaw-dropping 100ft-tall Royal Albert Bridge (above)

Ted wakes up at around 5am just as the train is passing over Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s jaw-dropping 100ft-tall Royal Albert Bridge (above)

Pictured above is a Night Riviera service arriving in Penzance

Pictured above is a Night Riviera service arriving in Penzance

Pictured above is a Night Riviera service arriving in Penzance

TRAVEL FACTS 

Ted and his family were hosted by GWR. London Paddington to Penzance prices for sleeper tickets start at £42.50 for single cabins and £64.00 for twin cabins. Tickets for travel are not included in the berth price. Prices start at £45.50 for a single ticket.

The train stops at Reading (pick-up only), Exeter St Davids, Newton Abbot, Plymouth, Liskeard, Bodmin Parkway, Lostwithiel, Par, St Austell, Truro, Redruth, Camborne, Hayle, St Erth and Penzance.

The Night Riviera takes just over eight hours to reach Penzance and is hauled by a Class 57 diesel locomotive with a top speed of 95mph.

For more information visit www.gwr.com/travelling-with-us/night-riviera-sleeper 

PROS: Cosy, comfortable, relaxing cabins with luxury bedding; welcoming, friendly staff; smooth, quiet ride; superb lounge car with all-night bar; lovely views in the morning in Cornwall; very good shower facilities at the Penzance first-class lounge.

CONS: No toilets or showers in the cabins; fairly limited food options; can’t sit upright on the lower bunk bed in twin mode.

Rating out of five: **** 

Ted stayed in the superb Chy Lowen cottage rental in Mousehole, near Penzance. 

Visit www.beachretreats.co.uk/self-catering/cornwall/mousehole/chy-lowen. 

 

The bed is a little on the narrow side, but then, it’s a train. I wasn’t expecting a king-size.

Sleep is further aided by the design of the Mark III carriages used by the Night Riviera.

They were cutting edge when they were introduced in the 1970s – and still offer one of the smoothest, quietest rides anywhere in Europe.

I have no trouble nodding off.

I wake up at around 5am to use one of the two loos at the end of the carriage, just as the train is passing over Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s jaw-dropping 100ft-tall Royal Albert Bridge, west of Plymouth, which crosses the River Tamar.

It’s rightly considered a national treasure – and affords passengers magnificent views as the train trundles over it at 15mph.

Beyond this bridge the train snakes through gorgeous Cornish countryside, past lush meadows, ancient ruins and at Hayle, a picturesque sandy estuary.

At 7am, our breakfast is delivered by the (still-cheerful) Heidi.

It’s not really a golden-age-of-travel breakfast, but the coffee is good and the sausages are hot.

Annoyingly, I can’t sit on the bed to eat it as the upper bunk is too low, so I dine standing up.

For solo travellers, this isn’t necessarily a problem as the bottom bunk can be converted to a sofa.

And there’s always the option of repairing to the lounge.

It’s from here that I take in the final sight – St Michael’s Mount, which dominates the bay Penzance sits on.

We pull in amid blazing sunshine, freshen up with a shower in the first-class lounge – you can pre-book use of these on the train when you board – and reflect on a service that, as I’m sure the PM would agree, is an excellent, stress-free way of reaching the West Country.

You’d rather drive? You’ve gone off the rails… 

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The vegan UPFs diet experts say you SHOULD eat… and which to avoid, as study links plant based junk food to heart disease

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Tucking into a meat-free banger might not be any healthier than the real thing, claim food experts.

In fact, those who opt for ultra-processed plant-based products —including vegan ‘fake meat’ sausages, bacon and burgers as well as cakes and crisps — might be at 15 per cent higher risk of suffering a heart attack and stroke.

At least, that’s according to analysis of more than 118,000 participants’ diets, published in renowned medical journal the Lancet. 

But just because a plant-based product is a UPF doesn’t mean it is inherently bad for you, dieticians say.

Here, MailOnline breaks down which plant-based UPF products are actually good for you and which ones you should watch out for.  

Scientists found opting for ultra-processed plant-based products ¿ such as vegan sausages burgers intended to replace animal-based foods, as well as cakes and crisps ¿ is linked with 15 per cent higher risk of suffering heart attacks and strokes

Scientists found opting for ultra-processed plant-based products ¿ such as vegan sausages burgers intended to replace animal-based foods, as well as cakes and crisps ¿ is linked with 15 per cent higher risk of suffering heart attacks and strokes

Scientists found opting for ultra-processed plant-based products — such as vegan sausages burgers intended to replace animal-based foods, as well as cakes and crisps — is linked with 15 per cent higher risk of suffering heart attacks and strokes

A ‘plant-based’ label doesn’t mean it’s healthy… 

Packed with fat, salt and laden with sugar UPFs have long been vilified for increasing heart attack and stroke risk. 

However, not all UPFs can be lumped into the same pile. 

Plant based UPFs include vegan burgers, sausage rolls and breaded ‘chicken’ as well as vegan mince. 

But many brands of baked beans, supermarket bread, vegan cheese and cakes and crisps are also plant based, and UPFs.

By definition, UPFs are foods that have undergone various modifications to extend their shelf life or make them more appealing to the consumer, or sometimes both. 

An easy sign a food could be a UPF is if it contains ingredients you wouldn’t find in your kitchen cupboard, say critics of the products, such as unrecognisable colourings, sweeteners and preservatives.

Another clue is the amount of fat, salt and sugar lurking inside each pack, with UPFs often containing high amounts.

If you are tucking into a vegan sausage roll, the chances are it is no better for you than it’s meat equivalent.

‘If it looks like an unhealthy thing it probably is,’ Dr Duane Mellor, dietitian and spokesperson for British Dietetic Association told MailOnline. 

He stresses that if something has been fried and covered in pastry, it is unhealthy and probably contains a high amount of saturated fat and salt, no matter if it is vegan or UPF. 

Rob Hobson, registered nutritionist at Healthspan and author of Unprocess Your Life, urges people to check the labels as plant-based UPFs ‘do differ quite a lot’. 

‘I think most people assume that all plant-based food options are healthy but many can contain lots of salt, sugar and saturated fat in the same way as animal based products,’ he told MailOnline.

‘You can also check the front of pack label to check how much salt, sugar and saturated fat is in the production to help you to make a healthy food choice,’ he added. 

For example, a Greggs sausage roll contains 22g of fat, 13g of saturated fat and 1.6g of salt. 

And a Greggs Vegan Sausage Roll is only marginally better, containing 18g of fat, 8.7g of saturated fat and 1.8g of salt. 

Any food with more than 5g of heart-unhealthy saturated fat is considered ‘high sat fat’, so should be consumed in moderation.  

The NHS advises men to not eat more than 30g of saturated fat a day and women should not have more than 20g.

… but you can have fake meat that’s good for you

However, not all fake meat is unhealthy, even if it is classed as a UPF. 

Many Quorn and pea protein based products, although are UPF, can be a good edition to a balanced diet and low in fat, experts say.

‘Generally the mince or the straightforward chunks that you can chuck into a stir fry, are low salt, low fat options and they are nothing to be concerned about,’ Dr Mellor said. 

Mr Hobson agrees that sticking to plain pieces of fake meat such as Quorn can be a cheap source of plant-protein that’s also low in salt, fat and sugar. 

He said: ‘Quorn would be classed as a UPF but not because of the processing involved to produce it from fungi but because it contains other ingredients you wouldn’t find in your kitchen like firming agents (calcium chloride and acetate) and barley malt extract.

‘I would not deter people from eating Quorn as I think it is a really quick and easy to use source of plant protein, as well as containing a great source of fibre in a minerals like zinc. Quorn also doesn’t contain much salt, sat fat and sugar.’

An easy sign a food could be a UPF is if it contains ingredients you wouldn't find in your kitchen cupboard, such as unrecognisable colourings, sweeteners and preservatives. Another clue is the amount of fat, salt and sugar lurking inside each pack, with UPFs typically containing high amounts

An easy sign a food could be a UPF is if it contains ingredients you wouldn't find in your kitchen cupboard, such as unrecognisable colourings, sweeteners and preservatives. Another clue is the amount of fat, salt and sugar lurking inside each pack, with UPFs typically containing high amounts

An easy sign a food could be a UPF is if it contains ingredients you wouldn’t find in your kitchen cupboard, such as unrecognisable colourings, sweeteners and preservatives. Another clue is the amount of fat, salt and sugar lurking inside each pack, with UPFs typically containing high amounts

For example, per 75g portion of Quorn chicken style pieces, it only contains 2g of fat, 0.5g of saturated fat and just 0.44g of salt. 

However, once it’s been covered in bread crumbs, pastry or deep fried, it’s not as healthy. 

The Quorn Crispy Nuggets contains more than three times the fat of a regular Quorn piece with 6.4g of fat, 0.6g of saturated fat and 0.90g of salt. 

Mr Hobson said: ‘Some Quorn products are a lot more processed like nuggets, sausages and scotch eggs so I would stick to the mince or pieces that you can use to make healthy dishes with and eat less of the other products in the range.’

Yes, baked beans are UPFs… but they’re healthy 

Some of the healthiest plant-based meat replacements, which are classed as UPFs, are made from pea protein or made with lentils or nuts.

Products that contain these ingredients are more likely to be nutritious and be a good source of fibre, experts say.

‘The healthy ones are more likely to have higher amounts fibre so look out for ingredients like beans, lentils, peas, nuts and seeds and of course vegetables,’ Mr Hobson said.  

‘These ingredients are also likely to give you other nutrients in the food including minerals like magnesium, zinc and iron. What sets these apart from other UPFs is this nutrient profile,’ he added. 

Beans on toast made with a tin of beans and supermarket bread is another example of a plant-based UPF that isn’t particularly unhealthy.

In fact, the cheap and easy dinner contains fibre, protein, amino acids and calcium. 

‘Baked beans and supermarket bread are both UPFs, but they are not unhealthy food. There is a lot of stigma about pre-made bread, but it is a healthy meal,’ Dr Mellor said. 

‘Many people rely on this foods as a budget meal so I don’t think it is very helpful to making people feel they are being unhealthy by eating them,’ added Mr Hobson. 

‘They are UPFs because they contain modified starches, and spice and herb “extracts”, the no added sugar variety also contains artificial sweetener. 

‘However, I would say they are a healthier UPF as they contain a really good sources of fibre from the beans used and this is nutrient people do not eat enough of in their diet. 

‘The fibre and protein in this foods also help to manage blood sugar levels.’

Beans on toast made with a tin of beans and supermarket bread is another example of a plant-based UPF that isn't particularly unhealthy

Beans on toast made with a tin of beans and supermarket bread is another example of a plant-based UPF that isn't particularly unhealthy

Beans on toast made with a tin of beans and supermarket bread is another example of a plant-based UPF that isn’t particularly unhealthy

Should you really worry about additives? 

If something contains unrecognisable colourings, sweeteners and preservatives it’s most likely a UPF.

‘Some contain more additives than others, such as vegan cheese which is often made with coconut oil and contains things like modified starches, thickeners and colourings that you may not recognise the names of,’ Mr Hobson warns. 

‘Some fake meats may contain protein isolates, maltodextrin, thickeners like guar gum and artificial flavourings to give them a smoky flavour. If you’re trying to avoid additives then these are not the foods for you,’ he added. 

However, not all unrecognisable ingredients you can’t find in your kitchen cupboard are necessarily bad for you. 

Plant-based UPFs that are fortified with B12, calcium, iron and proteins provide more nutrition than plant-based products made from jack fruit for example, which do not contain the same nutrients as meat, Dr Mellor explains.

He said: ‘If you are adding things like B12, which can sound really scary if you call it Cyanocobalamin, but that is just its chemical name. There might also be potassium iodide added in. 

‘So, some plant-based products are not unhealthy because they are UPFs, but because they are not nutritionally equivalent to meat.’ 

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Switzerland outclass Hungary to make strong start at Euro 2024

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Switzerland made a flying start at Euro 2024 as Kwadwo Duah and Michel Aebischer scored their first international goals in a 3-1 win against Hungary on Saturday.

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Italy 2-1 Albania: European champions survive early scare as goals from Alessandro Bastoni and Nicolo Barella kickstart their 2024 campaign

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A dire beginning and a fast start. Somehow Italy managed to pull off both in opening their defence of the European crown with a victory despite falling so spectacularly over their own feet inside 23 seconds.

That was the time it took for Federico Dimarco to make a calamitous hash of a throw-in and for Nedim Bajrami, of Sassuolo in Italy’s Serie B, to score the quickest goal in the history of this tournament. Albania 1 Italy 0.

For the most fleeting of periods, what a magnificent thing that was. Magnificent for the vast crowds of Albanians who colonised a city and then a stadium and magnificent for Bajrami, who became only the second man from his nation to score at one of these major gatherings. Magnificent for those who enjoy seeing a giant rattled, too.

But what came next might be termed the English syndrome. Just as Gareth Southgate’s side made the mistake of following an early goal by attempting to wait out Italian pressure in the final three years ago, so did the team led by the former Arsenal left-back Sylvinho.

It bought them all of 10 minutes before Alessandro Bastoni levelled and a short while later Nicolo Barella had Italy at 2-1 and cruising. At times, their football, most in the touches of Barella and the incisions of Federico Ciesa, was lovely. 

Italy survived a late scare to seal a 2-1 victory against Albania in their Euro 2024 opening game

Italy survived a late scare to seal a 2-1 victory against Albania in their Euro 2024 opening game

Italy survived a late scare to seal a 2-1 victory against Albania in their Euro 2024 opening game

Nedim Bajrami (pictured) scored the fastest goal in the history of the European Championships

Nedim Bajrami (pictured) scored the fastest goal in the history of the European Championships

Nedim Bajrami (pictured) scored the fastest goal in the history of the European Championships

Bajrami's goal came after 23 seconds of the match and left Luciano Spalletti's side shocked

Bajrami's goal came after 23 seconds of the match and left Luciano Spalletti's side shocked

Bajrami’s goal came after 23 seconds of the match and left Luciano Spalletti’s side shocked 

Had they taken their chances, it could have been four or five, but that is why expectations are so muted around Luciano Spalletti’s young, transitional team, because their failure to convert has become a glaring issue.

Italy 2-1 Albania: MATCH FACTS 

Italy (4-3-3): Donnarumma, Dimarco (Darmian), Calafiori, Bastoni, Di Lorenzo, Barella (Folorunsho), Jorginho, Frattesi, Pellegrini (Cristante), Scamacca (Retegui), Chiesa (Cambiaso)

Subs not used: Vicario, Meret, Gatti, Mancini, Buongiorno, Bellanova, Fagioli, Raspadori, Zaccagni, El Shaarawy

Goals: Bastoni (11′), Barella (16′)

Booked: Pellegrini, Calafiori

Manager: Luciano Spalletti

Albania (4-2-3-1): Strakosha, Hysaj, Ajeti, Djimsiti, Mitaj, Ramadani, Asllani, Asani (Hoxha), Bajrami (Muci), Seferi (Laci), Broja (Manaj)

Subs not used: Berisha, Kastrati, Balliu, Mihaj, Kumbulla, Aliji, Ismajli, Abrashi, Berisha, Daku

Goals: Bajrami (1′)

Booked: Broja, Hoxha

Manager: Sylvinho 

That much was clear in an unconvincing qualification campaign and indeed it has been a growing narrative since the night at Wembley when they beat England on penalties. Only nine men have retained the shirt since that win and Roberto Mancini has also gone, so what remains are champions in name more than composition.

On the issue of scoring, Spalletti was unequivocal. He said: ‘We have to improve. We need to be meaner – we are neat and tidy in building things up but we need to hurt the opposition. The scoreline doesn’t reflect the difference between the two teams.’

Time will tell how that deficiency manifests itself in a tough group comprising Croatia and Spain, but for now, Italy have avoided a serious upset in the kind of environment where they can happen.

That’s because this was the closest thing Sylvinho’s side will experience to a home match outside of their borders.

Local reports had indicated 50,000 of Albania’s population of 2.8million had made this journey, joining up with the sizeable chunk of their compatriots who permanently relocated to Germany at some stage down the line. Together they took over the city – by kick-off Dortmund’s famed South Bank stand, home of the Yellow Wall, was two-thirds red.

They came for a party, those folks, and a party they had in good scores and bad. We ought to reiterate here that there was a touch of fortune about their small piece of history, owing to Dimarco’s meltdown in thinking when he attempted a throw-in back to Alessandro Bastoni in his own six-yard box.

Federico Dimarco (pictured) had made a hash of a throw-in allowing Bajrami to score early on

Federico Dimarco (pictured) had made a hash of a throw-in allowing Bajrami to score early on

Federico Dimarco (pictured) had made a hash of a throw-in allowing Bajrami to score early on

Spalletti (pictured) cut an animated figure on the touchline after his side's sluggish start

Spalletti (pictured) cut an animated figure on the touchline after his side's sluggish start

Spalletti (pictured) cut an animated figure on the touchline after his side’s sluggish start 

Inter Milan's Alessandro Bastoni (pictured) would score an equaliser in the 11th minute

Inter Milan's Alessandro Bastoni (pictured) would score an equaliser in the 11th minute

Inter Milan’s Alessandro Bastoni (pictured) would score an equaliser in the 11th minute 

Dimarco might have been the only man in the ground to miss the lurking presence of Bajrami near the edge of the area, so that’s a mistake worth noting, but the Albanian’s drive inside the near post after pulling off the interception was both a cracking finish and a great moment. Tournaments thrive when underdogs do well, so that was an early plus.

Not that it lasted long. Within a minute Lorenzo Pellegrini had fluffed a clear chance to level and after a further nine of uninterrupted pressure Italy had crashed through Pellegrini whipped a fiendish, inswinging cross to the back post for Bastoni. Helped by Taulent Seferi’s loose marking, Bastoni’s header past Brentford’s substitute goalkeeper, Thomas Strakosha, corrected the early giddiness.

A beauty of a half-volley followed from Barella – a gifted, versatile midfielder who is essential to Spalletti’s style – and from there Davide Frattesi chipped against the post and former West Ham forward Gianluca Scamacca also blew a decent opening. With one goal in 17 caps, his club form for Atalanta doesn’t yet translate to this stage. It also represents Spalletti’s frustration.

Nicolo Barella (pictured) had Italy cruising with a sensational strike from the edge of the box

Nicolo Barella (pictured) had Italy cruising with a sensational strike from the edge of the box

Nicolo Barella (pictured) had Italy cruising with a sensational strike from the edge of the box

Somehow Italy managed to pull off both in opening their defence of the European crown with a victory despite falling over their feet so spectacularly inside 23 seconds

Somehow Italy managed to pull off both in opening their defence of the European crown with a victory despite falling over their feet so spectacularly inside 23 seconds

Somehow Italy managed to pull off both in opening their defence of the European crown with a victory despite falling over their feet so spectacularly inside 23 seconds

More chances were missed after the break, but with only a single shot on goal, Albania were unable to capitalise on Italian generosity. For all their endeavour, for all their support, the vast chasms between their defence and midfield and their midfield and attack, meant their every attempt to press was countered by a quick and simple blitz of Italian passes between the lines.

When Sylvinho’s side did have a chance, and with it a scenario where they could finish the game as they started it, Rey Manaj was a fraction wide with a one on one from a tightening angle after a ball over the top. Had that crept in. Italy would have suffered a stiff lesson rather than a mere warning about their finishing.

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Italy recover from disastrous beginning to win Euro 2024 opener

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Italy recovered from conceding the fastest goal in the competition’s history to get their defence of the European Championship title off to a winning start on Saturday as they came back to beat Albania 2-1 in front of a partisan crowd. 

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Italy 2-1 Albania – Euro 2024 RECAP: Live score and updates as reigning champions hold on after conceding fastest EVER Euros goal

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Iran and Sweden exchange prisoners in Oman-mediated swap

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Iran and Sweden announced on Saturday a prisoner exchange that saw a former Iranian official jailed in Sweden freed as Stockholm said Tehran had released a European Union diplomat and a second Swede.

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Mysterious hole spotted on Mars could be a gateway to ancient alien life

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A mysterious hole on Mars has sparked speculations that it could be a gateway to ancient alien life. 

The crater-like opening, about 150 feet across, sits on the edge of an ancient volcano, and scientists have suggested it could be protecting lifeforms from the Red  Planet’s radiation and harsh conditions.

While researchers are unsure how deep the pit goes, they said it is likely an underground lava tube that formed during a volcanic explosion – and the deep tunnel could serve as a shelter for astronauts set to put boots on the Martian world.

A mysterious hole on Mars has sparked speculations that it could be a gateway to ancient alien life

A mysterious hole on Mars has sparked speculations that it could be a gateway to ancient alien life

A mysterious hole on Mars has sparked speculations that it could be a gateway to ancient alien life

Scientists are unsure how deep the holes on Mars go (pictured). They believe they formed during after a volcanic explosion caused lava tubes to form

Scientists are unsure how deep the holes on Mars go (pictured). They believe they formed during after a volcanic explosion caused lava tubes to form

Scientists are unsure how deep the holes on Mars go (pictured). They believe they formed during after a volcanic explosion caused lava tubes to form

The University of Arizona re-posted a photo of the Mars hole for its ‘Picture of the Day’ this month, spurring additional conversation about how it will influence future scientific missions.

Although scientists captured the image with the HiRISE camera in 2022, they are still working to uncover how or why these holes exist.

Researchers have theorized that the holes are ‘skylights’ where the ground above the lava tubes caved in, according to Brandon Johnson a geophysicist at Purdue University who studies impact craters throughout the solar system.

Lava tubes are underground passageways, similar to a long cave, which formed during a volcanic explosion.

As the lava flows downhill, its surface cools and hardens into a dark crust which works as an insulator for the lava flowing beneath its surface.

This allows the lava to stay hotter and flow further, leaving an empty tunnel in its wake.

‘There’s more than one of these [pits] on Mars that we’ve seen,’ Johnson told Business Insider. 

‘But they’re really interesting because they’re places where astronauts might be able to go and be safe from radiation.’

Mars’s thin atmosphere and lack of a global magnetic field like Earth – which extends into space and interacts with the solar wind to block radiation emitted from the sun – creates dangerous radiation levels.

Lava tubes are underground passageways, similar to a long cave, that formed during a volcanic explosion. As the lava flows downhill, its surface cools and hardens into a dark crust which works as an insulator for the lava flowing beneath its surface. The holes (pictured) likely formed after the surface over the lava tubes caved in

Lava tubes are underground passageways, similar to a long cave, that formed during a volcanic explosion. As the lava flows downhill, its surface cools and hardens into a dark crust which works as an insulator for the lava flowing beneath its surface. The holes (pictured) likely formed after the surface over the lava tubes caved in

Lava tubes are underground passageways, similar to a long cave, that formed during a volcanic explosion. As the lava flows downhill, its surface cools and hardens into a dark crust which works as an insulator for the lava flowing beneath its surface. The holes (pictured) likely formed after the surface over the lava tubes caved in

Mars hosts high levels of radiation that poses dangerous risks for astronauts. Scientists hope the holes discovered on the red planet could provide them with sanctuary from the elements.

Mars hosts high levels of radiation that poses dangerous risks for astronauts. Scientists hope the holes discovered on the red planet could provide them with sanctuary from the elements.

Mars hosts high levels of radiation that poses dangerous risks for astronauts. Scientists hope the holes discovered on the red planet could provide them with sanctuary from the elements.

Radiation poses a major challenge for astronauts who would be exposed to the high-energy cosmic rays that could cause long-term health problems like cataracts, heart disease, cancer, genetic damage and death.

However, these holes could lead to lava tubes large enough for astronauts to survive the elements, if humans make it to Mars.

‘On the Earth, these lava tubes can be large enough to walk around in, but they can also be small or the voids can be discrete or discontinuous,’ Ross Beyer, a planetary scientist with the SETI Institute, told Business Insider. 

‘So these pits we see could open into larger caves, or they could just be isolated pits,’ Beyer continued, adding: ‘There’s no way to know what’s in them until we explore them in more detail.’

There is no known timeframe for when a mission might bring humans to the planet, but scientists have suggested other options to find out more about the pits.

‘There are missions proposed to essentially have a robot go on a line and drop down into one of these skylights and be able to explore what’s inside of them,’ Johnson said while noting that there is no such mission in the works yet.

The pits don’t guarantee that there is life on Mars, but Johnson added: ‘This is a good place to look.’ 

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